This post lists the background material of the hands-on tutorial about high-resolution EPI on SIEMENS scanners.
Continue reading “Tutorial on scanning high-resolution EPI on SIEMENS scanners” →
The following is a personal selection of my must-see layer-fMRI abstracts presented at SFN/OHBM/ISMRM. If I missed something, please let us know (layerfMRI@gmail.com).
SFN 2019 in Chicago
- 4:00 pm – 5:00 pm, 092.12/ BB63. Poster, O. STANLEY, Phase-based macrovascular filtering from gradient echo bold fMRI reduces orientation dependence.
- 8:00 am – 8:15 am, 111.01/Room S402. Nanosymposium talk, J. TOWNSEND: Non-invasive mapping of acoustic-phonetic speech features in human superior temporal gyrus using ultra-high field 7T fMRI.
- 11:00 am – 12:00 am, 141.04/K28. Poster, T. LIU: Affective processing of face stimuli in human primary visual cortex.
Continue reading “layer-fMRI abstracts” →
The MP2RAGE sequence is very popular for 7T anatomical imaging and is very commonly used to acquire 0.7-1 mm resolution whole brain anatomical reference data. Aside of this common application, it can also be very helpful for layer-fMRI studies to obtain even higher resolution T1 maps in the range of 0.5mm iso. However, when optimizing MP2RAGE sequence parameters for layer-fMRI studies, there are a few things that might be helpful to keep in mind.
In this post, I would like to discuss the challenges of using the popular MP2RAGE sequence in layer-fMRI studies. Specifically I will discuss challenges/features regarding:
Continue reading “MP2RAGE: challenges and artifacts of its use for layer-fMRI” →
In this blog post I want to go through the analysis pipeline of layer-dependent VASO.
I will go through the all the analysis steps that need to be done to go from raw data from the scanner to final layer profiles. The entire thing will take about 30 min (10 min analysis and 20 min explaining and browsing through data).
During the entire analysis pipeline I am using the following software packages: SPM, AFNI, and LAYNII, and gnuplot (if you want fancier plotting tools)
Continue reading “Example analysis pipeline of layer-VASO” →
In this blog post, I want to share my thoughts on the number of layers that should be extracted from any given dataset. I will try to give an overview of how many layers are usually extracted in the field, I’ll describe my personal choices of layer numbers, and I will try to discuss the challenges of layer signal extraction along the way.
Continue reading “How many layers should I extract?” →
What’s the best name of our field and what’s the best attributing term for our data? There are many competing options: “Layer fMRI”, “mesoscopic fMRI”, “sub-millimeter fMRI”, “ultra-high resolution fMRI”, “laminar fMRI”, “cortical depth-dependent fMRI”. They differ with respect to how flashy they are, how scientifically appropriate they are, and how popular they are.
In this blog post, I want to review which ones are the most popular ones in the field and also share some thoughts on my favourite candidates.
Edits on March 3rd 2019 with contributions and clarifications taken from Kamil Uludağ, Sri Kashyap and Faruk Gulban.
Continue reading “‘layer fMRI’, ‘sub-millimeter fMRI’, ‘mesoscopic fMRI’, or ‘cortical depth dependent fMRI’…. Which term should I use?” →
In this blog post Sri Kashyap and I describe how to deal with the registration of high-resolution datasets across days, across different resolutions, and across different sequences.
I am particularly fond of the following two tools: Firstly, ITK-SNAP for visually-guided manual alignment and secondly, using ANTs programs: antsRegistration and antsApplyTransforms.
Continue reading “Registration of high-resolution data” →
Maximum intensity projection and minimum intensity projection can be insightful for mapping of vessels in 3D-slabs. In this post, I describe the application of intensity projections with LAYNII.
Continue reading “Intensity projections in LAYNII” →
CBV-fMRI with VASO is highly dependent on a good inversion contrast. It gives it its CBV sensitivity and is also responsible for most of the VASO specific pitfalls (e.g. inflow, CSF etc. ). And thus, it should be optimized as much as possible.
In this blog post, I want to describe the most important features of a reliable inversion pulse for the application of VASO at 7T with a head transmit coil.
Continue reading “TR-FOCI pulse optimisations for SS-SI VASO” →
ISIS-conv is a very useful dicom to nii converter from Enrico Reimer. ISIS-conv gets along with a lot of challenging data sets that no other converter (that I know of) can handle so conveniently:
- SMS-data, where individual slices have a non-constant inter-slice distances.
- VASO data with non-constant TRs
- Multi-echo, multi-coil, and Magnitude/Phase data.
There is a Mac-installation package of ISIS-conv. Unfortunately, however, with every IOS update, it has become more complicated to install it.
Since, I spend too much time figuring out how to install it after every update, I am collecting the necessary steps in this Blog post for future reference:
Continue reading “Installing ISIS-conv on MAC” →
In this blog post, I want to describe the application and working principle of a few spatial smoothing algorithms that are implemented in LAYNII.
- Confined smoothing along similar anatomical structures with
- Smoothing along the layers with
- Smoothing within columns with
- Smoothing across specific spatial dimensions only with
- Smoothing long the time domain with
Continue reading “Anatomically informed spatial smoothing” →
Update June 2021: There is a new and more comprehensive 3D-supported LayNii Program for cortical unfolding. Please see https://thingsonthings.org/ln2_multilaterate/
The blog post below is kept for archiving purposes:
In this Blog post, I seek to describe a quick example of how to analyse high-resolution data across layers and columns with LAYNII.
Continue reading “Quick example of cortical unfolding in LAYNII” →
In the last years, I and multiple other VASO users have encountered many occasions of voxels that show negative CBV change (positive VASO signal change) while the BOLD suggests that the activation should be positive. In this blog post, I want to list potential sources of this surprising effect.
Continue reading “Negative Voxels in VASO” →
In this blog-post I want to describe a setup, how you can include an additional ICE functor in your reconstruction pipeline that sends raw Twix files from the Reconstruction computer to any given custom server. Continue reading “How send raw k-space data to any given server with Twix or with a modified ICE-chain” →
Recently, my adviser Peter Bandettini asked me to compile a list of all potential applications for layer-fMRI. It was a fun exercise to think about it. Below, you find a list of all potential applications that I could think of. Continue reading “List of potential layer-fMRI application studies” →
In this blogpost I describe how to install the DTI-TK NIfTI quicklook plugin for nii files for mac OS.
Continue reading “How to install nifty QuickLook” →
In this blog post, I want to write about pipelines on how to prepare Nifti-brain data and make them printable by a 3D-printer.
Two pipelines are shown. One pipeline describes the 3D-printing the cortical folding structure that is estimated with Freesurfer and subsequently corrected with Meshlab. And another pipeline describes how you can 3D-print any binary nii-volume by using the AFNI-program IsoSurface and correct the output with netfabb. Continue reading “3D-printing nii data” →
Often we would like to normalize depth-dependent fMRI signals and assign it to specific cytoarchitectonially defined cortical layers. However, we often only have access to cytoarchitectonial histology data in the form to figures in papers. But since we only have the web-view or the PDF available, we cannot easily extract those data as a layer-profile. Since most layering tools are designed for nii data only, paper figures (e.g. jpg or GNP) are not straight-forwardly transformed to layer profiles.
In this blob post, I describe a set of steps on how to convert any paper figure into a nii-file that allows the extraction of layer profiles.
Continue reading “How to convert any paper figure into a layer-profile” →